New Delhi: Swami Vivekananda, born as Narendra Dutta, was a Hindu monk who is credited with raising inter-faith awareness and reviving Hinduism in India.
Swamiji was a key figure in introducing Vendanta philosophies to the western world and contributed greatly to the concept of nationalism in colonial India.
His speech at the Parliament of World’s Religions in Chicago got him a standing ovation in its opening line. The speech began as, “Sister and Brothers of America….”.
Here are five lessons that ‘Patriotic saint of India’ taught us:
Our sacred Motherland is a land of religion and philosophy - the birthplace of spiritual giants - the land of renunciation, where and where alone, from the most ancient to the most modern times, there has been the highest ideal of life open to man.
If there is ever to be a universal religion, it must be one which will have no location in place or time, which will be infinite like the God it will preach,....which in its catholicity will embrace in its infinite arms, and find a place for every human being from the lowest grovelling savage not far removed from the brute to the highest man towering by the virtues of his head and heart almost above humanity, making society stand in awe of him and doubt his human nature,...which will have no place for persecution or intolerance in its polity, which will recognise divinity in every man and woman, and whose whole scope, whose whole force will be centered in aiding humanity to realise its own true, divine nature.
To me the very essence of education is concentration of mind, not the collecting of facts. If I had to do my education over again, and had any voice in the matter, I would not study facts at all. I would develop the power of concentration and detachment, and then with a perfect instrument I could collect facts at will.
The ultimate goal of all mankind, the aim and end of all religions, is but one--reunion with God, or what amounts to the same, with the divinity, which is every man's true nature.
That (meditation) is the highest state...When (the mind) is doubtful that is not its great state. Its great state is meditation. It looks upon things and sees things, not identifying itself with anything else.