The world is full of heart-broken people — most often owing to unrequited love, break-ups, or death of close ones. However, you would be amazed to know that happiness could have the same effect on your heart. Yes it is true!
According to a recent research, happy moments that come across in our lifetime, trigger a rare heart condition known as Takotsubo Syndrome (TTS), which causes a temporary weakening of the heart's muscles.
TTS in layman's language is known as 'broken heart syndrome'. This syndrome causes the left ventricles of the heart to balloon out at the bottom while keeping the neck narrow.
This syndrome was first discovered in 1990 in Japan and was typically linked when one is in severe emotional stress like grief, anger, and fear. In the end, the sufferer is prone to heart attack, breathlessness and death after chest pain.
A team from the University Hospital Zurich in Switzerland researched 1,750 registered patients out of which large amount pertain to those patients who got TTS after a joyful or positive events such as birthday parties, weddings, celebrations, victories in sport, and new births.
One of the researcher from the team, Jelena Ghadri said, "We have shown that the triggers for TTS can be more varied than previously thought. A TTS patient is no longer the classic 'broken hearted' patient, and the disease can be preceded by positive emotions too. Our findings broaden the clinical spectrum of TTS. They also suggest that happy and sad life events may share similar emotional pathways that can ultimately cause TTS."
Jelena's advises doctors to pay more attention towards the patients who come with the issue of chest pain or breathlessness, keeping in mind the prospect of TTS.
Women and old people are more vulnerable to the syndrome. The majority of TTS cases occur in postmenopausal women because of reduced levels of estrogen.
Now the team wants to begin advance study and find out the reason behind TTS’ occurrence.
Christian Templin, one of the scientists working on the study, believes that TTS is "a classic example of an intertwined feedback mechanism involving psychological and physical stimuli together. It's possible that both happy and sad events trigger a similar response in the central nervous system."
Most of the patients recover fully within 2 months. Death is rare in TTS but there are some cases with heart failure.
(Written by: Shweta Gupta)