New Delhi: The Union Government has notified the new Aadhaar Act 2016, giving statutory backing to the unique identity number.
The Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Act 2016 will provide an "efficient, transparent, and targeted delivery of subsidies, benefits and services, the expenditure for which is incurred from the Consolidated Fund of India, to individuals residing in India through assigning of unique identity numbers to such individuals," said the notification dated 26 March 2016.
The bill, which was tabled as a money bill, was approved by the Parliament on March 16.
Under the new act, Aadhaar number 'may be accepted as a proof of identity of the Aadhaar number holder for any purpose.'
However, those individuals to whom Aadhaar number is not assigned will be 'offered alternate and viable means of identification for delivery of the subsidy, benefit or service,' the act said.
The Aadhaar number will not be proof of citizenship or domicile.
The act also insures the protection of information collected under this act.
According to the act 'no core biometric information will be shared with anyone for any reason whatsoever.' Further, 'no identity information available with a requesting entity shall be disclosed except with the prior consent of the individual to whom such information relates.'
The act has penalty provision, which includes imprisonment for a term which may extend to 3 years or with a fine which may extend to Rs 10,000 or both.