New Delhi: They say history repeats itself but it is not true for all instances. However, in the case of the Indo-Pak relations history is not only repeated in all the instance but it is also repeated with a great degree of accuracy. The moment when it seems that Indo-Pak relations are booming, a terror attack would strike India and which would eventually lead to the ending of the diplomatic ties of both the countries. The relationship between both the countries have been an insoluble conundrum for its leaders.
In the past few months India and Pakistan seemed to be inclined to resolve their disputes. The unexpected goodwill visit of PM Modi to Lahore on Dec 25th, cleared the doubts of hostility between the two countries and showcased their will for substantial conversations. But then the expected happened- the Pathankot attacks. It happened at the time when both countries were expected to make new initiatives for the peace talks. And clearly the attacks were carried out to sabotage this peace process.
But unlike the past India didn't end the conversations rather delayed it until the investigation is done, whereas Pakistan stated that it will act according to the evidences provided by India and help in capturing the perpetrators. It is a mature step by the Indian authorities to not break the diplomatic ties with the Pakistan as it would lead to jeopardization of the carefully constructed foundation of non hostile relationship between the two nation.
The non state activists want the pot of animosity between two countries to keep on boiling and hence they orchestrated the Pathankot attacks. The key for Indian leadership and foreign policy makers lies in sharing all the information and pressuring the Pakistani authorities to stop abetting the terrorist attacks. In addition, India needs to actively and forcefully pursue its policy of reaching out to its major partners, including the U.S., Russia, China, Japan, Europe, and Iran, asking them to pressure Pakistan to keep its terrorist groups in check so that they don’t launch operations against India.
India will also have to accept the fact that the army of Pakistan has a upper hand in the policy making agendas of the state than the democratic elected government of PM Sharif. The strategy of India should be molded in the direction of making the position of Pakistani civil establishment stronger.
Finally, India would have to take grave steps to improve its internal security. The Pathankot attack exposed the failure of the authorities to act swiftly on the information provided by the intelligence agencies. There is an adhere need to strengthen the paradigm of deterring the terrorist attacks in the country.