New Delhi, Jan 26: Republic Day hold great importance for every Indian. It is a day of immense relevance for all of us. We mainly love to celebrate this day with great fervour and enthusiasm. India is a great country famous for a saying “Unity in Diversity” where people of more than one religions living together with complete understanding, patience and brotherhood.
Let us take a look at some of the most interesting facts about this important day:
1) Indian Constitution came into effect especially on 26th of January because 26th of January, 1930 is an anniversary of Purna Swaraj Day.
2) The Constitution of India is the longest written Constitution all over the world (which cannot be read in a single day); it has incorporated “448 Articles in 22 Parts, 12 Schedules and 97 Amendments”.
3) Indian Constitution is written by the Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (Dr. B.R. Ambedkar). He is known as the father of Indian Constitution.
4) The Constitution of India took around 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to be completed.
5) Two copies of the Indian Constitution were hand-written, one in English and one in Hindi.
6) Both hand-written copies of the Indian Constitution were signed on 24th of January in 1950 by around 308 members of the Assembly.
7) Both of the originally hand-written Indian Constitution copies are kept safely in the helium-filled cases at the Library of Parliament House.
8) After inception of the Indian Constitution, around 94 amendments (alterations) have been done.
9) Satyamev Jayate is taken from the Mundaka Upanishad, Atharvaveda. It was first translated in Hindi language by the Abid Ali in 1911.
10) It was Madan Mohan Malviya who had selected the Indian motto of Satyamev Jayate.
11) Jana Gana Mana (National Anthem) was written first in Bengali language by the Rabindranath Tagore.
12) Jana Gana Mana (National Anthem) was first translated into Hindi language by the Abid Ali in 1911 which was later officially adopted as National Anthem of India in 1950 on 24th of January.
13) The lyrics and music of Indian national anthem was given by Rabindranath Tagore in 1911.
14) National Anthem of India was first sung in the meeting of Indian National Congress, Calcutta on 27th of December, 1911. National Anthem of India takes 52 seconds to sing or play.
15) The first President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad took oath (at Durbar Hall of government house) first time on 26th of January in 1950.
16) 21 gun salutes are given every year when the President of India hoists the national flag on republic Day to mark the honour.
17) Republic Day celebration of India lasts after three days by singing the song ‘Abide by Me’ (it is a most popular tune and favourite of Mahatma Gandhi, a Christian hymn) during the Beating Retreat.
18) Beating Retreat ceremony is held on 29th of January at Vijay Chowk with the performance of Indian Army, Air Force and Navy bands. It marks the end of Republic day celebrations in India.