As International Women's Day approaches, the entire world has united in celebrating the notion of womanhood, honoring the dignity and individuality of a woman. It has embarked a celebratory mood across the globe wherein the world is applauding the efforts of the people for the emancipation of women in society.
However, the task is not over yet. The pledge for parity, which is the theme for this year's International Women's Day, aims at seeking equality in the society in terms of pay and status. To ensure the same, a lot of rights have been grafted by the Indian constitution that protect women from malpractices against them. These rights grant legal independence to the women.
Hence, women who are not aware of the basic rights that are available under the Constitution of India, here is a list to help you:
The Right to Anonymity:
In the event of rape, the investigating officer cannot reveal the private details of the case including the identity of the victim in the public sphere. This right protects the person's individuality. It saves the victim from the social stigma attached to the nature of the crime committed against her.
The Right to Free Legal Aid:
Under the Legal Services Act, all rape victims are provided with free legal aid. The Station House Officer has to intimate the Legal Services about the crime, following which a lawyer will be issued to the victim to fight her case in court. Many are unaware of this act.
The Right to Property:
According to the Hindu Succession Act, there is no difference between man and woman in terms of inheritance. Both of them enjoy equal rights to inherit the ancestral property. This act has given freedom to women to claim for, what is rightfully, their property.
The Right to Equal Pay:
The Equal Renumeration Act allows a woman to demand an equal pay for her work as her counterpart demands. The organisation cannot practice gender inequality in determining the pay roll of an individual. In case someone throws light on any activity promoting gender inequality in an organisation, they will be held liable for compensation.
The Right to Dignity and Decency:
Once the sun sets down till dawn, police cannot arrest a woman. Many are aware of this fact. However, They are oblivious to the other facts pertaining to that right. As a woman, they cannot be interrogated or subjected to any medical examination in the absence of a woman constable. This is to protect the integrity of the woman.
These rights, along with others, are some of the measures undertaken by the country to uplift the condition of women. These constitutional rights are to shield the interest of the women. Thus, women must be aware of the existence of these rights. As one says, Awareness is better than ignorance!
(Written by Ishita Kapai)