New Delhi: The Indian Space Research Organisation is the space agency of the Government of India headquartered in the city of Bengaluru. Founded by Vikram Sarabhai, on 15th August 1969, ISRO has created a vision of excellence over the years, for other government agencies as well.
Here are some 10 times when ISRO achievements made its essence visible to India:
India's first satellite named after the famous astronomer with the same name. This spacecraft made a breakthrough in space missions and was launched at Kapustin Yar, costing about 50 million INR.
Indian National Satellite System (INSAT), 1983:
It is a series of multi purpose geostationary satellites which was launched by ISRO in 1983. Being the largest domestic communication system in the Asia Pacific, it is to satisfy the telecommunications, broadcasting, meteorology, and search and rescue operations.
Chandrayaan 1, 2008:
First mission to the moon of 312 days which was launched on October 22, 2008 was the breakthrough since it was the only one of the six space organizations to take it. The purpose of the mission was to understand the entire topography and chemical characteristics.
Space Capsule Recovery Experiment (SRE-1), 2007:
An Indian experiment spacecraft which was launched on 10th January 2007 using the PSLV C7 rocket from Sriharikota. The aim was to test things like Thermal Protection System, management of communication blackout, navigation, guidance, and control etc. The capsule stayed in the orbit for 12 days before diving into the Bay of Bengal.
104 satellites, 2017:
Creating a world record, ISRO launched 104 satellites on February 15, 2017 using Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), an Indian rocket. The launch took place in Sriharikota spaceport in Andhra Pradesh. This also includes Cartostat-2 series, India's earth observation satellite.
Mangalyaan or Mom, 2014:
It was only because of ISRO that India became the first country to successfully reach Mars in its first attempt. Mars Orbiter Mission or MOM had a budget of just Rs 450 crore, aiming at collecting more data on the atmosphere of the planet.
Heaviest Commercial Mission, 2015:
Launching about 1440kg of load, ISRO took over Heaviest commercial mission. Launched from Sriharikota, it included three optical earth observation satellites of 447kg each along with two auxiliary satellites.
Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS):
The navigation covers an area of 15,000 km around the country, making India one of the five countries to have its own navigation system in place. With the operational name, NAVIC (Navigation with Indian Constellation), the group of 7 satellites help India sustain its own navigation system.
GLSV MK3, 2014:
Launched in December 2014, it has an Indian made crew capsule which could carry upto three astronauts to space. One of the heaviest rockets, capable of carrying 4 tonnes of load, ISRO is planning to launch GSLV MK4, which will carry about 6 tonnes.
Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV):
Generating at a low cost of Rs 95 crores, the intention was to reduce the satellite costs and becoming reusable space shuttles.