New Delhi: The Supreme Court on Thursday will hear CBI's plea against Allahabad High Court's order dropping criminal conspiracy charges against the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leaders in Babri Masjid demolition case.
There are two sets of cases - one against BJP veteran L.K. Advani and others who were on the dais at Ram Katha Kunj in Ayodhya on December 6, 1992 when the Babri mosque was demolished. The other case was against lakhs of 'karsevaks' (volunteers) who were in and around the disputed structure.
CBI had chargesheeted Advani and 20 others under Sections 153A (promoting enmity between classes), 153B (imputations, assertions prejudicial to national integration) and 505 (false statements, rumours etc. circulated with the intent to cause mutiny or disturb public peace) of the Indian Penal Code.
It had subsequently invoked charges under section 120B (criminal conspiracy) of IPC which was quashed by the special court whose decision was upheld by the high court.
In April 1984, Vihswa Hindu Parishad (VHP) started a campaign fro the construction of a temple dedicated to lord Rama at the site and started nationwide 'rath-yatras'.
In September 1990, BJP leader L. K. Advani began a Ratha-Yatra journey to Ayodhya in support of the Hindu nationalist movement. However, he was arrested by the government of Bihar before he could reach Ayodhya. Despite this, a large body of 'kar sevaks' or Sangh Parivar activists reached Ayodhya and attempted to attack the mosque. This resulted in a pitched battle with the paramilitary forces that ended with the death of several kar sevaks.
On 6 December 1992, the RSS and its affiliates organised a rally involving 150,000 VHP and BJP kar sevaks at the site of the mosque. The ceremonies included speeches by BJP leaders such as Advani, Murli Manohar Joshi and Uma Bharti. The police cordon, vastly outnumbered by the mob, fled the scene, following which the mob destroyed the entire mosque.
In 2009,a report authored by Justice Manmohan Singh Liberhan, found 68 people to be responsible for the demolition of the Masjid. Among those who were named in the report were Vajpayee, Advani, Joshi and Vijay Raje Scindia.
(With agency inputs)