Diaper Rash is a very common concern for babies. However, it isn't a sign of us failing as a parent, if its your first baby then youre just getting accustomed to the various concerns regarding raising a child. Diaper rash may become secondarily infected by bacteria or yeast normally present on the skin. Here are three main causes of Diaper Rash:
- The closed environment created by the diaper. Diapers are usually snug fitting. This happens due to little air around the baby’s diaper area. This causes baby’s skin to become warmer and moister and therefore have a higher pH (which is a measure of acidity vs. alkalinity) than elsewhere in the body. Excessive moisture in the skin is actually the cause of skin swelling.
- Chafing from friction or rubbing. Friction can weaken the protective barrier of the skin. Moist skin is more vulnerable to friction than dry skin, so the diaper area is particularly prone to this problem.
- Prolonged contact of the skin with urine, feces or both. The enzymes in feces (protease and lipase) may irritate baby’s tender skin. In addition, feces contain organisms that can cause skin infection. Urine further irritates the diaper area as when it breaks down, it releases ammonia.