Top 5 Ravanas in India

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New Delhi, Sep 29: Dussehra celebrates the Hindu god Rama's victory over the demon king Ravana and the triumph of good over evil. The epic Ramayana tells the story of the Lord Rama who wins the lovely Sita for his wife, only to have her carried off by Ravana, the demon king of Lanka. Ravana plays an important role in the Ramayana.

Normally people celebrate Dussehra by burning the effigy of Ravana, Kumbhakarna and Meghnath and it is the commencement of the play based on the epic, Ramayana. It is the final day and there is usually a fete organised and enjoyed by people. A chariot carrying Ram, Sita and Lakshaman passes through the crowd and the person enacting Ram aims an arrow to burn the effigies one by one.  

In our society 5 types of Ravans still exist and they can be described below as: 

1) Corruption: If the statistics furnished by the Transparency International (TI), an anti-corruption global civil society organisation, are anything to go by, India has a long way ahead to fulfil one of the many objectives as told by the current Indian government - defeating the malice of corruption.

Depicting how pervasive the problem is across Asia, a list released by Forbes- Asia's Five Most Corrupt Countries - says that India beats Vietnam, Thailand, Pakistan and Myanmar, when it comes to bribery rate.The Forbes article, which rates India the highest in the list with 69 per cent bribery rate, describes India as: "In five of the six public services - schools, hospitals, ID documents, police, and utility services - more than half the respondents have had to pay a bribe. 

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2) Black money: Black money is another form of Ravan that needs to killed as early as possible. In India, black money refers to funds earned on theblack market, on which income and other taxes have not been paid. The total amount of black moneydeposited in foreign banks by Indians is unknown. Some reports claim a total of US$1.06 trillion is held illegally in Switzerland.

3) Joblessness: This is most scary form of Ravan which has impacted youth all over India. If we believe India’s economic growth numbers are for real, the economy over the last three years has seen incredible economic growth and macroeconomic expansion. Trade exports have risen, volume of foreign direct investment has increased, inflation levels have stabilised and the rupee has strengthened. One major indicator, however, accounts for the real state of the Indian people’s economic progress and nullifies most of the above “India Shining” projection. This is the data on employment available for various sectors in the country. If we carefully observe some of the key patterns in our employment data, we see the Indian economy perpetuating itself into a long-term phase of joblessness.

4) Women attrocities: Women in India still feel highly unsafe when they step out of their home. Whatever time they step out, they come across eve-teasers and find it very tough to cope with this situation. Many women are still raped and murdered in India. Even the current laws have not act as a strict detterant for the criminals and they still roam around eyeing their next prey. The Nirbhay case sent shock wave not only in India but all over the world and cases like these have sent out a bad image of India. 

5) Rail accident: Safety has been one of the biggest concerns in the Indian Railways system. While the number of accidents have gone down over the last few years, the number still remains above 100. Between 2003-04 and 2015-16, derailments were the second highest reason for casualties. The Standing Committee on Railways had noted that one of the reasons for derailments is defect in the track or rolling stock. Of the total track length of 1,14,907 km in the country, 4,500 km should be renewed annually. However, in 2015-16, of the 5,000 km of track length due for renewal currently, only 2,700 km of track length was targeted to be renewed. The Standing Committee had recommended that Indian Railways should switch completely to the Linke Hoffman Busch (LHB) coaches as they do not pile upon each other during derailments and hence cause lesser casualties.

Therefore, Prime Minister Narendra Modi must frame a policy that will effectively kill all these forms of Ravans existing in India.