New Delhi: World Cancer Day is observed on February 4 every year to raise awareness about the disease and encourage its prevention, detection and diagnosis.
This year’s theme “We Can. I can.” aims to explore how everyone- as a collective or as individuals- can do their part to reduce global burden of cancer.
Here are 15 facts about the disease:
1. There are over 100 types of cancers that can affect human body.
2. Five most common types of cancer that kill men worldwide are (in order of frequency): lung, stomach, liver, colorectal and esophagus.
3. Five most common types of cancer that kill women worldwide are (in the order of frequency): breast, lung, stomach, colorectal and cervical.
4. More than 30% of cancer could be prevented, mainly by not using tobacco, having a healthy diet, being physically active and moderating the use of alcohol.
5. In developing countries up to 20% of cancer deaths could be prevented by immunization against the infection of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human papillomavirus (HPV).
6. There are 28 million cancer survivors worldwide.
7. Multivitamins increase the risk of cancer and heart diseases, recent studies suggest.
8. Taller women are more likely to get cancer.
9. Three Marlboro men- Wayne Mclaren, David Mclean and Dick Hammer, died of lung cancer.
10. Breast cancer kills 450 men in the US every year.
11. Gleevec, a cancer drug that costs $70,000 in the US per year, just costs $2,500 in India.
12. Even plants can get cancer.
13. Cancer causes more deaths than AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria combined.
14. Cancer is not one disease. Over 200 subtypes of cancer have ben detected so far.
15. Cancer was first detected by early Egyptians in 1600 B.C.